Acute Rheumatic Fever / Rheumatic Heart Disease


Acute rheumatic fever is an autoimmune inflammatory develops as a sequel of streptococcal infection . Acute rheumatic fever  is the result of an autoimmune response to pharyngitis caused by infection with group A Streptococcus. The long term damage to cardiac valves caused by ARF, which can result from a single severe episode or from multiple recurrent episodes of the illness, is known as rheumatic heart disease.